Back pain is a common condition that can range from a dull ache to a sharp, shooting pain. It affects people of all ages but is most common in adults between the ages of 35 and 55. Various factors, including injury, arthritis, muscle strain, poor posture, and stress can cause back pain.
Learn more about managing back pain when you continue reading this guide.
What Are the Types of Back Pain?
The type of back pain one experiences can vary widely. It can be localized, meaning it is confined to one specific area, or it can be more generalized, involving multiple areas. Some common types of back pain include the following:
- Lower back pain – This type of back pain is typically localized to the lower back and can include muscle spasms, stiffness, and aching.
- Upper back pain – This type of back pain is often localized to the upper and mid-back and can include pain, stiffness, and tightness.
- Sciatica – This type of back pain is caused by compression of the sciatic nerve and can cause a burning, shooting pain that radiates down the leg.
- Thoracic back pain – This type of back pain is localized to the thoracic area of the spine, located between the shoulder blades. It can cause pain, tightness, and stiffness in the area.
What Are the Symptoms of Back Pain?
Back pain is one of the most common medical complaints and is a leading cause of missed workdays. It can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain that makes it hard to move. The type and severity of symptoms can vary depending on the underlying cause of the pain.
Common symptoms of back pain include the following:
- Dull ache or sharp pain in the lower, middle or upper back
- Pain that radiates to the chest, abdomen, buttocks, thighs, knees or feet
- Pain that worsens when sitting, standing or twisting
- Muscle spasms or tightness
- Numbness or tingling in the back, arms or legs
- Difficulty bending, standing or walking
In addition to these symptoms, some people may experience other signs such as fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, loss of appetite, or weight loss. These symptoms may indicate the presence of an underlying medical condition, such as an infection or tumor.
What Are the Treatments for Back Pain?
Various treatments are available for back pain, depending on the severity and type. Some of these common treatments include the following:
- Physical therapy – Physical therapy is often recommended for back pain as it helps to improve strength and range of motion, reduce pain, and promote healing.
- Medication – Over-the-counter or prescription medications can reduce inflammation and pain.
- Exercise – Regular exercise can help to strengthen the back muscles, improve posture, and reduce pain and stiffness.
- Heat and ice – Applying heat or cold to the affected area can help to reduce pain and inflammation.
- Spinal manipulation – This type of manual therapy focuses on aligning the spine and can help reduce pain and improve mobility.
Managing back pain is an essential concern for many people, as it can be debilitating and interfere with everyday activities. Understanding the symptoms of back pain and the different treatment options available can help individuals to find the best solution for their particular situation.
Regardless of the treatment option chosen, it is important to work closely with a medical professional to ensure that the best decision is made for the individual’s specific needs.
For solutions for back pain in Whitehorse, let our team at Whitehorse Physiotherapy help you. Our specialists help people recover faster through therapy. Book a consultation today to get started.